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Allevamento Cani di Terranova di Giovanni Carullo - Avellino           Newfoundland Kennel breeding - Giovanni Carullo - Avellino - Italy
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  • Newfound

     Theories about the origins of Terranova dog split up into those who want Terranovas indigenous of American Continent and those who assume it comes from crossing of different breeds coming through Europe, even if both parts locate its home in Terranova Island.

    The formers talk about crossing of autochtonous breeds of American Continent, even if underlining passages of breeds coming from Asia through the Straits of Bering and contacts with dogs following Viking sailors during their excursions nowadays diffusely demonstrated. The latters assume that European colonists were those who brought the forefathers of Terranova on the Canadian Island: every group of colonists would have brought breeds from their original lands whose blood would have joined into the “bear-dog” already described in 1732: “A very big-sized dog, with a slow pace but very watchful: it comes from Terranova where its task is watching homes and has a very loud voice that can make a water wheel turn”.

    After a while many personalities of that time recognized its many good qualities and virtues (from Napoleon to Cook, from Byron to Wagner) And it was starting being appreciated in Europe while was experiencing sad moments in its original land. They had to hardly overwork in winter and then were left alone to take care of themselves during summer.

    English people were the greatest importers of these dogs and liked spotted and striking looking ones most. They crossed them with other breeds as to enlarge their height. It was only in 1886 that the Newfondland English Club described the first standard: it was quite similar to the one we have now. By doing that they gave an official capacity to this breed. In the meanwhile a great interest in this breed started to increase abroad too. While a lot white long haired, or black and white haired, or white-brown haired or red dogs had been included in Terranova breed in the first half of 19th century by Europeans, soon after first importations from England and standard publications, they realized that many crossing products did not correspond to standard peculiarities of the breed.

    Yet care and passion of breeding Terranovas pioneers in different European countries made standard uniform all over in a very short time while a lot of clubs where founded.

    These clubs had to let this breed of dogs survive through the two big world wars: during Second World War there was only one birth of puppies, thanks to Mr Handley’s sacrifices. Every evening, in times of rationings and restrictions, he rode his bicycle under bombings to find food to feed his dogs.